Tooth extraction removes a tooth from its socket in the gums. The tooth may have been damaged due to decay, periodontal disease, or trauma. When considering an extraction at PS Dental, our dentist will evaluate your oral health and discuss your options before moving forward. Sometimes the impacted tooth can be restored with a crown to prevent tooth loss. Other times, the tooth may not be restorable due to its poor condition. In this case, removing it is the best option for preserving your remaining teeth. Additionally, if your tooth is severely infected, you may need the extraction to prevent the spread of infection.
You may need a tooth extracted for many reasons, but the most common reason is severe tooth decay and gum disease. Both problems can lead to infection or abscessed teeth, which can cause pain and discomfort. If left unchecked, they may also severely damage the bone and supporting tissue. Extractions are required when these teeth are beyond repair and cannot be repaired with a root canal or other restorative dentistry treatment. Luckily, extractions are routine dental procedures performed under local anesthesia so you can remain comfortable during your process.
Another reason for tooth extraction is to prepare the mouth for orthodontic procedures like braces or Invisalign. In these instances, some teeth may need to be removed to create room for shifting teeth.
First, the teeth are numbed with a local anesthetic, and IV sedation is available to ensure your comfort throughout the procedure. Then, the dentist will loosen the tooth by rocking it back and forth until it is ready for removal. In most cases, the tooth is extracted in one piece; however, it may need to be removed in pieces if there are multiple roots or it is broken below the gum line. Once it is removed, the area will be cleaned and stitched up. The stitches may dissolve on their own, but if not, they must be removed within a week. Some bleeding is expected after the extraction, but if it becomes excessive, you can place gauze over the area and apply firm pressure.
Post-extraction care is critical to prevent infection and ensure proper healing. Be sure to follow all instructions given to you by your oral surgeon. You should eat soft foods and drink plenty of fluids for the first 24 hours following an extraction. This will help prevent dehydration and discomfort. In addition, it is essential to avoid smoking, drinking alcohol, using straws, spitting, or any other activity that may dislodge your blood clot. It is also important not to disturb the extraction site with your tongue, fingers, or another object. Finally, you should take over-the-counter pain medication to help control any pain following the procedure.
A tooth extraction is a routine procedure that can help ease pain and protect oral health without dramatically altering your life. To learn more, visit PS Dental 12017 SW 70th Ave, Tigard, OR 97223, or call (503) 5744000 to schedule a consultation with our skilled dentist today!