Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an inflammatory condition that affects the gums. If left untreated, gum disease can cause severe damage to oral tissues and may progress to affect other areas of the body.
Gum disease is one of the most common dental conditions in the U.S. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), almost half of Americans age 30 and older have some form of periodontal disease.
Gum disease has several causes that create the perfect environment for the disease. Some of them are:
Not brushing and flossing regularly can lead to gum disease. Bacteria in the mouth can accumulate and cause damage to the gums. Over time, the gums may begin to pull away from the teeth, leading to the formation of pockets. Bacteria can accumulate in these pockets, causing further infection and damage to the gums.
One of the leading causes of gum disease is skipping flossing. Unfortunately, many patients do not floss regularly, and this can lead to gum disease. Flossing removes plaque, which is the primary cause of gum disease. Patients should floss at least once a day to remove plaque from between their teeth.
Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque and tartar, both of which form when bacteria feed on sugar. Plaque and tartar buildup can lead to inflammation, bleeding, and irritation.
At-home dental care is the best way to avoid tooth decay, but it’s important to know what foods to avoid.
Tobacco use is the main cause of gum disease. In addition to causing oral cancer, tobacco use contributes to causing plaque buildup on the teeth and gums. Plaque can lead to inflamed gums, bad breath, and eventual gum disease. Tobacco products, such as cigarettes, cigars, and chewing tobacco, are all harmful to your oral health.
Genetics can play a role in the development of gum disease. If a family member has gum disease, you have a higher risk of contracting the disease. However, genetics is only one factor. Other factors include oral hygiene, diet, and tobacco use.
Hormonal changes can cause changes in the gum tissue that increase your susceptibility to gum disease.
Certain medications can cause your gums to recede. These medications include anti-depressants, antihistamines, blood pressure medications, etc.
During pregnancy, hormones can affect the body in many ways. They can boost your immune system and increase your risk for gingivitis. Studies show that pregnant women with gum disease are at a higher risk of premature labor and delivery. Additionally, women with gum disease are more likely to experience preeclampsia, a pregnancy complication that causes high blood pressure and kidney damage.
Clenching or grinding the teeth can cause your gums to become inflamed and irritated. Over time, the inflammation can cause your gums to pull away from your teeth and create pockets where bacteria can build up.
PS Dental in Tigard, Oregon, offers the best dental care services to patients. For more details and appointments, call us at (503) 574-4000, book online, or visit us at 12017 SW 70th Ave, Tigard, OR 97223.